During the 11.10 beta, I've gotten a lot of bug reports from Linux users who report that their keyboard is being recognized as a joystick. This is... sort of a bug, but mostly intentional.
(If you're not a Linux user, this won't apply to you... but it will bore you! 😉 )
Background: What changed?
On Linux, prior to X-Plane 11.10, we were very picky about what USB devices we considered to be a joystick: we required a device to present a so-called "absolute" axis (in contrast to a "relative" axis like a mouse uses). The downside of this is that it prevented home cockpit builders from creating button-only hardware.
So, in 11.10 and beyond, we relaxed the requirements: if a USB device presents us with either an axis, button, or hat switch, we'll treat it like a joystick.
The problem with this policy seems obvious: keyboards have "buttons"! Like, 104+ of them!
The reason we didn't worry about this is that the keyboard is only accessible (as a USB device) to programs running as root. So long as X-Plane runs as a normal user, it doesn't even have the option of treating the keyboard as a joystick.
Why do people run as root?
The impetus for running as root (via
sudo) is simple: if your Linux distro doesn't recognize your joystick hardware as something that should be available to normal applications, running as root is a brute-force way to let X-Plane use your joystick.
Let me say emphatically: This is a bad idea.
Especially with early, buggy betas, running as root makes it possible for X-Plane to do way more damage to your system than would ever be possible as a normal user. Consider the unlikely—but possible!—scenario where somebody made a typo in the code which inadvertently tries to delete a system folder. There are two possible outcomes here:
- If you're running as a normal user: Nothing happens. The operating system refuses to let X-Plane hurt your system.
- If you're running as root: The operating system silently obeys. You curse X-Plane for breaking your system.
Running X-Plane as root is like giving a blank check to every cashier you buy something from—it's way more power than they need to do their job, and it's liable to burn you at some point!
The Right Way™ to let X-Plane use your joystick
As described in the latter half of this old dev blog post, you don't have to run with
sudo. Instead, you can create udev rules to tell your operating system to let normal applications use your joystick. The GUI tool linked at the end of that post makes it even easier.
(Some users found the instructions there confusing; this post on the Org might help.)
Remember that after you create your rules, you can even submit them to your distro to make life easier for other flight simmers!
There's one hitch: after running with root, your file permissions (especially your prefs) may have gotten screwed up. This can be fixed from the terminal by making your normal user account the owner of your X-Plane directory, like this:
$ sudo chown -R <username>:<username> /path/to/X-Plane/
(So, in my case, my username is tyler, and X-Plane is installed to ~/Documents/X-Plane/, so I'd run
$ sudo chown -R tyler:tyler ~/Documents/X-Plane/.)
Now, to those of you who have been running as root... "go, and sin no more"! 😉